As an effort to realize a Confucian ideal state, King Sejong of the early Joseon period took and implemented human-oriented policies in terms of military system, culture and scientific technology all of which supported the monarch’s strong pursuit for independence.<BR>The king’s local medicine policy focused mainly on native medicines, leading to the publication of 〈Hyangyak Jipseongbang〉, a total collection of local medical and pharmaceutical studies which aimed to localize imported foreign medicines and identify and develop native ones. Another embodiment of the independent medicine policy of Joseon was the Section of Geography, 〈True Records of King Sejong〉.<BR>In that section, accordingly, jadan hyang, baekdan hyang and jeong hyang are otherwise named as sorts of togong gwolgong hyang while, ansik hyang, sahyang, yeongreung hyang, mohyang, baekgyo hyang, nanhyang and gwakhyang are collectively dubbed as tosan hyang. And the section calls both hoehyang and cheongmok hyang as jongyang hyang.<BR>These local names of incense were the outcome of the policy of localizing medicinal stuffs. In its early period, specifically, Joseon identified kinds of domestic incense and localized exotic incense. And the country rediscovered those native incense as having diverse effects that could be useful in lots of applications.