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학술기사

Physiological mechanism and nutrient management strategies for flood tolerance in rice grown in lowland flood prone ecosystem

표제/저자사항
Physiological mechanism and nutrient management strategies for flood tolerance in rice grown in lowland flood prone ecosystem / Sharad Kumar Dwivedi, Santosh Kumar, Narayan Bhakta, Ashish Kumar Srivastava, Janki Sharan Mishra, Virendar Kumar, B H Kumara, Bhagwati Prasad Bhatt, Sudhanshu Singh
형태사항
p. 321-333 ; 29cm
주기사항
수록자료: Journal of crop science and biotechnology. Korean Society of Crop Science. vol.21 no.4(2018 December), p. 321-333 21:4<321 ISSN 1975-9479
저자: Sharad Kumar Dwivedi, IndianCouncil of Agricultural Research - Research Complex for Eastern Region
저자: Santosh Kumar, IndianCouncil of Agricultural Research - Research Complex for Eastern Region
저자: Narayan Bhakta, IndianCouncil of Agricultural Research - Research Complex for Eastern Region
저자: Ashish Kumar Srivastava, International Rice Research Institute, New Delhi office
저자: Janki Sharan Mishra, IndianCouncil of Agricultural Research - Research Complex for Eastern Region
저자: Virendar Kumar, International Rice Research Institute, New Delhi office
저자: B H Kumara, International Rice Research Institute, New Delhi office
저자: Bhagwati Prasad Bhatt, IndianCouncil of Agricultural Research - Research Complex for Eastern Region
저자: Sudhanshu Singh, International Rice Research Institute, New Delhi office
수록잡지명
Journal of crop science and biotechnology.
청구기호
630-J86-21(4)
자료이용하는곳
3층 연속간행물실(서고자료대출반납)(보존)
자료 이용 방법
학술기사선택 => 바구니넣기 => 자료당일신청 후 [3층 연속간행물실(서고자료대출반납)(보존)] 에서 이용하십시오

초록내용/해제내용

인쇄

 In flood-prone areas, rice must have flood tolerance characteristics either through genotypic selections or by nutrient application management strategies. The current study was conducted at ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna during the wet season to investigate the effect of post-flood nutrient application methods on submerged rice survival and productivity. Our study showed that the 3-d submergence duration had no effect on the survival (100%) of 21-day-old seedlings but survival percentage decreased to 97 and 65% at 7-d and 11-d submergence, respectively. Total chlorophyll, total soluble sugar, and starch concentrations also exhibited a similar pattern of decline. The activity of anti-oxidative defense enzymes (CAT, POX, SOD, and APX), recorded just after de-submergence was found to be 1.5-10-foldhigher than before submergence, increasing with the increase in the severity of stress. Additional post-flood application of K₂O and N at 5-6 days after de-submergence led to the improvement in photosynthetic rate, yield attributes, and grain yield. An additional 10 kg each of N and K₂O produced maximum 1000-grain weight and higher grain yield and harvest index. After submergence, the meta-analysis exhibited a significant reduction in total chlorophyll concentration due to increasing submergence duration, whereas the significantly higher activity of antioxidants was recorded irrespective of submergence duration. In association with the better anti-oxidative defense mechanism of Sub1 varieties, the additional doses of N and K₂O at 5-d after de-submergence significantly enhanced the survival, post-flood recovery, and the rate of photosynthesis after de-submergence. These nutrient management options can provide an opportunity to explore the productivity potential of the SUB1-introgressed variety under natural flash-flood conditions, helping to cope with the existing problems in flood-prone areas. The findings of the study suggest that a proper time and method of N application with basal P can significantly contribute to higher rice yield in flash-flood prone areas.


  

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