Pŏmhae’s hagiography of Wŏnhyo from the late Chosŏn period
Pŏmhae’s hagiography of Wŏnhyo from the late Chosŏn period / Richard D. McBride II
p. 59-73 ; 23 cm
수록자료: (International journal of) buddhist thought & culture. International Association for Buddhist Thought & Culture. Vol.20(2013 February), p. 59-73 20<59 ISSN 1598-7914 저자: Richard D. McBride II, Professor in the Department of History, BYU-Hawaii E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper analyzes Pŏmhae Kagan’s hagiography of the Silla monk Wŏnhyo, as found in his Tongsa yŏlchŏn, which was completed in 1894. Although trained by a Sŏn master, Pŏmhae was a scholarly monk who studied Confucianism and lectured on the Avataṃsaka-sūtra and Fanwang jing. Pŏmhae’s hagiography of Wŏnhyo has been overlooked because it is a late source that is derived primarily from Iryŏn’s Samguk yusa and Juefan Huihong’s Linjian lu. Its derivative nature, however, is instructive regarding the nature of Buddhism in the late Chosŏn period. Pŏmhae follows Iryŏn, except for his discussion of Wŏnhyo’s enlightenment experience in a cave when he drank water from a skull. Here he follows Huihong’s literary account, which is in turn based on Yongming Yanshou’s account of Wŏnhyo’s enlightenment, which was recorded in 961, more than twenty years before Zanning’s Song gaoseng zhuan of 988. Furthermore, Pŏmhae’s emphasis on Wŏnhyo’s son Sŏl Ch’ong and his accomplishments attests to the superior position enjoyed by Confucianism in Chosŏn society.