Wonhyo’s perspective on the common essence of religions and pluralistic inclusivism
Wonhyo’s perspective on the common essence of religions and pluralistic inclusivism / Yong-pyo Kim
p. 33-57 ; 23 cm
수록자료: (International journal of) buddhist thought & culture. International Association for Buddhist Thought & Culture. Vol.20(2013 February), p. 33-57 20<33 ISSN 1598-7914 저자: Yong-pyo Kim, Professor of Department of Buddhist Studies in Dongguk University ; President of the Korean Association for Buddhist Studies E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present article aims to re-illuminate the problem of religious pluralism in Buddhist traditions through investigating the philosophy of the Silla Master Wonhyo (607-76), and verifying the religious pluralistic implication that his theory of harmonization and reconciliation contains. The study clarified two questions. Firstly, how did Wonhyo understand the relationship between Buddhism and its neighboring religions Secondly, how did Wonhyo understand the common foundation of all these religions Buddhism has traditionally demonstrated its position of magnanimity and tolerance toward other religions or ideas. Wonhyo presented a pluralistic hermeneutics that reconciliates the arguments of truth of all the canons and the sects by inheriting Buddha’s no-strife theory and the emptiness (śūnyatā) theory of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Wonhyo had a great interest in the different neighboring religions, and included non-Buddhists as well as Buddhist schools in the concept of the ‘one vehicle.’ He regarded all of the various different wholesome roots of the ‘five vehicles’ and non-Buddhist teachings as the ‘one vehicle.’ Wonhyo suggested a pluralistic stance centered on Buddha-nature as the common foundation or source of universal religion and all the saints’ teachings. Because the “one-mind” that Wonhyo referred to as the body of the Buddha-nature is not a substantial reality, it must be understood as the religious experience of the return to original one-mind and mutually dynamic relations. Wonhyo proposed a holistic way of perception of truth to people who previously unfolded only one assertion or position. Wonhyo tried to solve this problem, through the insight into the origin of truth. This approach suggests an in-depth dialogical method with which to conduct dialogues between religions and ideologies.