The essence-functionmom-momjit construction as a hermeneutic device to interpret the commentary on the treatise on awakening of Mahāyāna Faith
The essence-functionmom-momjit construction as a hermeneutic device to interpret the commentary on the treatise on awakening of Mahāyāna Faith / Sung-bae Park
p. 7-31 ; 23 cm
수록자료: (International journal of) buddhist thought & culture. International Association for Buddhist Thought & Culture. Vol.20(2013 February), p. 7-31 20<7 ISSN 1598-7914 저자: Sung-bae Park, Professor of Religious Studies E-MAIL: email@example.com
In his Kisillon so, Wŏnhyo argued that the Treatise on Awakening of Mahāyāna Faith was originally a non-sectarian text revealing a key hermeneutical principle through which hwajaeng and t’ong pulgyo could be achieved. This principle is contained in the Chinese ti-yung (K. ch’e-yong) or “essence-function” formula, which I am calling the mom-momjit. The aim of using the mom-momjit paradigm is to show the inseparability or non-duality of two apparently contradictory concepts. Throughout his Kisillon so, the use of the mom-momjit hermeneutic device is the most characteristic feature of Wŏnhyo’s interpretation of the Treatise on Awakening of Mahāyāna Faith. Mom, representing the universal essence of One Mind, seals without diminishing, while momjit, representing the external function, opens into myriad phenomena without exhausting itself. Wŏnhyo’s analysis of Mahāyāna Buddhist faith in terms of the essence-function formula, where One Mind is the essence and faith is the function, can be regarded as one of his most valuable contributions to Buddhist studies. According to the mom-momjit view, in which faith is perceived as the external operation of one’s own mind, faith and enlightenment are simultaneous and inseparable. This implies that as soon as a resolute faith is awakened, the One Mind of Buddha is instantly realized. This is the conceptual leap that provides both the theoretical and practical basis for the doctrine of ‘sudden enlightenment’ developed later, for example, in Chinul’s syncretic harmonization of Hwaŏm and Son Buddhism.