The purpose of this study is to make known how nationalism influenced the previous studies of Korean modern history of physical education, and to point out the limit and meaning of those studies, further to try to find out the possibility of understanding the characteristics of Korean modern history of physical education much more widely. For this purpose, this study has focused on how post-national historic recognition which is nowadays rising in Korean historic field can be applied to the study of Korean modern history of physical education. The result of analyzing the previous studies, which is focused on doctoral theses, makes it sure that the basic point of view on Korean modern history has remained on the level of the restoration of national full sovereignty or national resistance based on nationalism. As it is shown, there is a lack of objective recognition on the various aspects of physical education in those days. This is because they understood Korean physical activities merely based on the structure on the resistance against the superintendence of Japanese imperialism and its oppression. In the case of the theses which have dealt with the period after the Independence Day, there is a common recognition that the previous authoritarian government's sports policy put great importance on keeping and strengthening the authentic ruling system. And they also show the fact in common that the characteristics of Korean physical education are all analyzed on totalitarian nationalism. However, this approach fails to show the recognition how resistant nationalism(against imperialism) before the Independence Day has changed into totalitarian nationalism after the Independence Day, and it also fails to overcome the limit of such recognition that it couldn't show the transition of physical activities according to the economic change, or systematic change of our society by focusing only on the political variables. By analyzing these aspects, this study tries to throw light on the desirable process that the nationalistic study of Korean modern history of physical education should take, and reaches the following conclusion: First, we need to understand the influence of nationalism on Korean modern sport by distinguishing the deference between after and before Independence Day. Second, we need to know that the previous approach can be an obstacle in recognizing history of Korean modern sport objectively by overemphasizing the nationalistic point of view and by considering it as transcendental historic necessity or what-should-be. Third, we need to get a new perception about what will be practically helpful for setting up the desirable course or direction toward which Korean sport proceed, wondering if our insisting on the traditional approach of Korean modern history of physical education based on the nationalistic standard can be helpful or not, as of today in which sport are likely to lead mainly by the civilians.