국가주의(Nationalism)는 세계체육사에 기준하면 18세기 이후 유럽지역에서 파생된 개념으로 자국의 독립 및 이익에 대한 국가적 저항의식으로 파악되고 있다. 이러한 의식을 우리나라 역사에 기초하여 고찰한 결과, 저변적 민중에 의해 비롯된 국가주의적 의식이 성립되어 왔음을 찾을 수 있었기에 '민족적 국가주의 체육' 이란 용어를 쓸 수 있었다. 그래서 서구의 그것과는 질적으로 차이가 있음을 알 수 있었다. 그 핵심은 우리 민족의 국가주의는 특정 국가에 대한 저항보다는 전세계적 침략과 압박에 대한 경계와 저항의식에서 비롯되었음을 역사적 사실들은 말해주고 있었다. 결국 현재 일반화되어 있는 '세계화'라는 개념에 이러한 정신을 실현시킬 수 있는 방안은 국제적 교류라는 편견에서 벗어나 지속적인 독자적 연구활동을 통해 운동기술, 교육, 그리고 훈련프로그램 등 체육에 관련된 최첨단 내용들을 창출해 내어 세계체육을 선두에서 이끌고 나갈 수 있어야만 진정한 의미의 세계화를 이룰 수 있다는 점을 제언하였다.
This study came to a conclusion by the purpose to present a comprehension the consciousness-formation of nationalism in the historical a view point and the plan for contribution to globalization in our nationality, as follows: The concept of nationalism means a reliable construction of racial base in domestic matters and a self-existence of it in international its, namely, the national-ism. In base on the world history of physical education, the physical education of the korean's nationalism have made up to the rule of Japanese imperialism from the end of the Jo Seon. After that, the korean's history have undergoed all sort of hardships by external aggression. In this external aggression, the racial resistance-spirit could have grown naturally, and these physical activities be introduced in modern times did duty as a tool-function could be express these it. I could understood that our racial nationalism have built up in warning and awakening against total external aggression different from Europe it. I selected and considered that the end of the Jo Seon, the time of Japanese imperialism and the 3rd republicanism because of a clearness of nationalism historically. And then, I selected that the 3rd republic of Korea was decided by a obvious nationalism form, with one leader. The leadership of president of those days was seen a militarism-color, but a leader and the people struggled on a purpose of the nation development. In the conscious of a physical-fitness must be ensured in accomplish of the nation development have brought a wonderful development in physical activities, I could understood that this development put initial manure at the establishment of the ministry of sports, the held of Olympic games. We have accepted that the declaration of globalization made good headway with everyday words in spite of some denial insistence. And then, I thought that the Korean's sports would have a capability be leaded the world it with correct perception about a true meaning of this globalization. For this, we will achieved that the true globalization leaded the world sports with a creation of the venguard technique by self-developed efforts overcome the dependence of these advanced nations through study of the theory of physical education, the motor techniques and the training program etc. Therefore, we could sought that the globalization of korean's sports could accomplished meaningly and steadily in historic facts when we concentrated our talents holded the sports of racial nationalism by the people, confront the world, and confirm the self-admiration of our peoples through the world game's records up to now.